To meet the requirements of FSI, it is mandatory for MPS-ABC participants to draw up an IPM (Integrated Pest Management) plan. The goal of IPM is a sustainable crop protection approach. This means that a grower uses as few crop protection agents as possible, only when there is absolutely no other option. Below are the guidelines for an IPM plan.
An IPM plan covers at least the following elements:
- A description of the pests (including insects, diseases and weeds) of economic relevance to each crop or crop group.
By ‘economic relevance’ we mean pests that have a demonstrable impact on the crop. The following must be taken into account:
- The nature, extent and source of the pests
- The risks to humans, animals and the environment
- Economic impact of potentially lower yields on production or crop quality
- Risks relating to the further spread of the pest
- Nuisance not limited to one particular plot.
If you grow multiple crops affected by different types of pests, you must complete this for each crop. If the crops fall within the same group and are affected by the same pests, a description of the pests affecting each crop group will suffice.
- For each pest, illustrations should be provided to aid identification of the pests, including symptoms in crops affected, conditions under which the pest can spread rapidly and the economic threshold for taking measures.
Add a photograph of the pests and the crop symptoms here, with a brief description of the pest. For each pest, also indicate what insects, fungi, nematodes, weeds or other pest they are. In addition, indicate the conditions (temperature, humidity etc) under which the pest can spread rapidly and your economic threshold for taking measures. An example of an economic threshold is the point at which the value of the destroyed crop is higher than the cost of controlling the pest.
You can take your own photographs, but you can also refer to tools, labels or posters you use provided these can be shown at the audit.
- Description of possible and implemented preventive measures.
What preventive (non-chemical and chemical) measures can you or have you taken to combat these problems?
- Description of pest monitoring methods and records of checks carried out.
What monitoring methods are used? For example: scouting, using tools and monitoring crop conditions.
- Control measures taken, including reasons
Provide a description of the control measures you have taken. For example:
- Promptly removing piles of waste.
- Cleaning sprayers.
- Choice of seed and resistant varieties.
- Thoroughly cleaning the greenhouse at crop changeover.
- Disinfecting recirculated water.
- Using disinfection tanks.
- Using gauze to keep insects out (or in).
- Disinfecting secateurs and knives.
- Steaming soil.
- Description of measures to reduce the development of resistance.
For example, a description of:
- Maximising the efficiency of pest control.
- A minimum control frequency.
- Alternating agents from different resistance groups.